Attorneys Litigating Criminal Cases
Serving the State of Virginia
Criminal law involves prosecution by the government of a person for an act that has been classified as a crime. In a criminal case the state, through a prosecutor, initiates the warrant for arrest in most felony cases and some misdemeanor cases. Misdemeanor warrants can be initiated by a person making a sworn statement before a Magistrate that a crime has occurred. Persons convicted of a crime may be incarcerated, fined, or both.
A "crime" is any act or omission (of an act) in violation of a public law forbidding or commanding it. Though there are some common law crimes, most crimes in the United States are established by local, state, and federal governments. Criminal laws vary significantly from state to state.
Crimes include both felonies (more serious like murder or rape) and misdemeanors (less serious offenses like petty theft or simple assault). Felonies are usually crimes punishable by imprisonment of a year or more and/or a fine. Misdemeanors are crimes punishable by less than a year and/or a fine.
Certain elements are required to prove various criminal offenses. Prosecutors have to prove each and every element of the crime to obtain a conviction. Furthermore, the prosecutor must persuade the jury or judge "beyond a reasonable doubt" of the fact that proves each element necessary to constitute the crime with which the defendant has been charged.
The effects of convictions of criminal offenses can vary from case to case. For instance, the conviction of a felony will result in the loss of civil rights such as the right to vote, the right to own a firearm and the right to travel abroad. Whereas in a misdemeanor conviction, generally you maintain all of your civil rights, however some employers may discover your criminal record and employment may be denied as a result. In addition, in either misdemeanor or felony cases, not only may a jail sentence be imposed, but you may be subjected to supervised or unsupervised probation.
Nearly a million juveniles a year are processed through the justice system, and admitted to public or private facilities after their convictions. Many of the offenses for which children and young adults under the age of 18 are charged are similar to adult crimes, that range in seriousness from a misdemeanor for public misbehavior to a felony for felonious assault or attempted murder.
Unfortunately, when it comes to violent juvenile crimes, quite often today's prosecutors attempt to try juveniles as adults. This could result in the youth receiving adult punishment, with heavy sentences that could include life imprisonment.
Contact the Attorneys of Page Law Firm, P.C. for Criminal Defense?
By applying the rules of evidence, making appropriate pre-trial motions, and being an effective advocate for our clients, we can make a difference in the case. Nothing is more important than an individual's freedom. If you or a loved one has been falsely accused of a crime, immediately contact Page Law Firm, P.C. at our toll free number (866) 507-6166 or (804)353-6166 for an initial free consultation, or click here to complete our online consultation form. EXERCISE YOUR MIRANDA RIGHTS BY REQUESTING AN ATTORNEY BEFORE MAKING ANY STATEMENTS TO THE POLICE.